Air conditioning is a necessity to make it comfortably through the hot summers in Chester Township, New Jersey. Almost all modern homes have some form of central A/C installed, designed to keep the interior comfortably cool on ninety-degree days.
There are four major types of air conditioning systems that are commonly installed in residential and commercial buildings, including split systems, heat pumps, packaged central air conditioners, and ductless mini-split systems. Different types of air conditioners, available from various manufacturers like Carrier, Rheem, and Lennox, and different types are well suited to different households with different home sizes and energy needs. To find out more about air conditioning installation in Chester Township, NJ, give us a call today at Elta HVAC.
Types of Central Air Conditioning
Air conditioning systems in New Jersey homes come in several different types, all of which work slightly differently to cool your home effectively. The four main varieties of cooling systems include:
- Split systems. These are the most common type of central air conditioning. These systems contain two main parts, one located indoors and one located outside. The indoor component includes an evaporator coil, usually contained in a cabinet. Outside, a metal case containing condenser coils releases heat, and the compressor pumps refrigerant between the two coils to cool the air. Unlike some other types of A/C, split system a/c installation in NJ can share the same ductwork system with a central furnace. In the temperate New Jersey climate, this is convenient, since our winters are as cold as our summers are hot.
- Heat pumps function similarly to a split system. These systems serve a dual function to both heat and cool your home. During the summer, they pump hot air out of your house, releasing it outside. During the winter, it works to extract heat from the indoor air, using it to raise the temperature to a comfortable level. These aren’t as common in Chester Township as they are in warmer climates, since frequent freezing temperatures can impair their ability to function.
- Packaged central air conditioners. This type of A/C combines the condenser, compressor, and evaporator coil into one unit, unlike a split system. Usually, they’re located on a building’s roof or near its foundation, with ductwork running through the roof or exterior wall. In some cases, they can also be equipped with heating coils and serve as a furnace during the winter. This type of air conditioning installation is actually relatively rare in homes, but is often used in small commercial buildings.
- Ductless mini-split systems. These air conditioning systems are unique, in that they can be installed in buildings that aren’t equipped with ductwork. This can make them a suitable choice for older homes and buildings. Like a split system, they involve both an indoor unit and an outdoor unit. The indoor and outdoor units are connected by tubing, through which refrigerant can flow between them. Ductless air conditioning is more energy-efficient overall than systems with ductwork, but they can be expensive and inconvenient for larger homes.
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